The Might of Nations

 

[PDF Version]

 

But what is it that makes a nation? Barricaded away in study in the law and history books, it becomes quite easy to see that the strength and might of a nation lies in its military strength, its economy, and its political structures (of which a nation’s family patterns play a key role in all three).

Transformed as modern economies may be from agricultural-based to industrial-based, there is nothing new under the heavens. Work was outsourced even to the extent in ancient times that the Code of Hammurabi[1] outlines many economic regulations (including the regulation of worker’s wages) and even ancient Rome had a welfare system[2] where imported grains were distributed free by the government to the poorest citizens. The two-parent “nuclear” family system is also to be found in various ancient societies where international trade and a marketplace based upon coinage seem to be the hallmarks of an advancing and prosperous civilization throughout all eras of history.

In short order, political instability contributes to economic instability and the reduction in the fighting capabilities of a nation’s armed forces. Which plays the greater role or comes first in causing the disorder (declining economics, military prowess or political instability) is hard to ascertain, but all forces push and pull on one another in the creation of such disorder.

To have stability, groups of individuals have since the beginning of time developed codes of conduct- either through unwritten tribal customs or formal codification of laws in civilizations[3]– often patriarchal[4]– with more advanced political structures- that regulate how they will relate to one another and deal with any forms of disputes that arise. When the formal and civilized terms become unacceptable, the alternative is to resort to violence until one side succeeds in subduing the other, and thereby forcing the losing side’s surrender to the will of the prevailing forces, and thus securing their acceptance to abide by the terms and the customs of the rule of law of the winning side.

Civilizations are created and the story of human affairs develops (and this is, perhaps, the very reason why the whole “herstory” idea has never gained any traction) whenever one civilization overpowers the other through brute force and imposes their own rule of law over the opposing (conquered) forces and sets up their own leaders in place of the ones who formerly ruled.

Throughout history, governments are only as strong as the might of their military forces- as strong as the men of a nation. An effective government must not only have the resources (its economy) and the manpower (its military) to protect its borders from invading forces attempting to overcome it from without, but also to subdue rebellion from within. Thus, all governments depend upon the strength of their military forces, effective economic functioning, and political stability for their continued existence.

Civilizations seem to prosper in particular when diplomatic relations are stable, and thus fostering the growth of international trade. Whenever civilizations advance in such ways they then begin to form more complicated systems of government, turning from being governed in more primitive ways (as in pre-civilization under tribal rule, without formal written language or advances in agriculture/industry) to becoming stable functioning states replete with a written code of laws and formal bureaucratic administration.

Stability from within and without produces prosperous and wealthy civilizations, and historically this has also meant increases in innovation and inspiration, with changing family structures to become patriarchal with men working the land/ engaging in industry and business to directly provide for families where the paternity of their children is known. With advancing economies also comes more resources to develop technology, and thus more advanced weaponry and more advanced modes of production (whether agricultural or industrial) to further advance a nation’s military and economic forces and increase the native population (with the civilizations thus becoming more powerful than those that surround them, with these nations oftentimes even moving to conquer their surrounding neighbors and impose their will and rule of law over them).

On BBC’s website, searching through the history section, there are provided a couple of image galleries that give a brief overview and quite fascinating insight into the aforementioned military and economic forces at work throughout human history: The Art of War by Professor Daniel Moran and a War and Technology Gallery by a writer named Matthew Bennett. It’s interesting to see the timeline of how such forces have historically played out to create the societies we have today.

Aside from how civilizations are built, another important aspect of all civilizations (and whether they advance or falter and become conquered and impoverished peoples), is their family structures (as mentioned, when civilizations advance they generally become more patriarchal in their structures where the role of fathers providing and protecting in families is of paramount importance to their stability) and relationships between the sexes.

From the ancient Greek Hoplites and brutal hand-to-hand combat to the modern era where “The essence of new information technologies…have made the accuracy and effectiveness of weapons independent of the range from which they are fired,”[5] and where, “On the battlefields of the future all detectable targets will be equally at risk, while the ‘shooter’ may be literally anywhere,”[6] the entire point of warfare has been, and will always be, to annihilate or subdue one’s target and “win.”

Modern political discourse revolves around placing women in combat because brute strength is apparently not needed on account of all the new technologies. But no matter the battle strategy utilized, the end result will always be that the one pulling the trigger (even if from far away and even if the utilization of the weaponry requires little to no physical strength where females can equally do the job as well as males) will become a target in warfare. The “brains of the operation,” operating invisibly from some far away source would of necessity become the prime target for the opposing forces, as they would not be able to achieve their objective until the individual silently and invisibly taking out their forces is himself (herself) annihilated- this means killedcapturedtaken out of action and off the battlefield.

Whatever way one wants to put it, placing women in any kind of combat situations where they engage the enemy either directly or indirectly is still placing women in danger. It is the hallmark of an ever-increasing degenerating culture where the rule of law has utterly broken down.[7] It is also a very dangerous proposition for society overall whenever men stop seeing women as weaker vessels whom it is their duty to provide for and protect. Men will also- no matter the consequences- desert both battlefield and workplace when morale sinks and they simply see no point in continuing on working or fighting anymore: when they simply no longer have anything to work or fight for.

On an interpersonal level, it is a very dangerous proposition indeed whenever males in society overall become aggressive against their women, and see no problem engaging in face-to-face competition with females and don’t even flinch at the idea of females being called into military service to be captured and killed by the enemy and will themselves attack and get in a woman’s face at only the smallest slight. When reality hits in the real world, men and women are not equal.

In sexual encounters, it is females who become pregnant and bear the disabilities associated with pregnancy and childbirth. In violent confrontations and domestic violence situations, few females are actually on equal footing with males. The rule of law may impose anti-discrimination legislation upon citizens and describe penalties for socially perceived wrongdoing- it may even become totalitarian with arbitrary domestic violence legislation- but the law is mere words on a piece of paper whenever its terms become unacceptable by individuals or groups of individuals who do not wish to abide by it.[8] Violence is the alternative to adherence to the rule of law, and out in the real world women are never- or rarely- equal under such circumstances. Therefore, it is imperative that the males of a civilization (and civilization in general) see the placing of women in harm’s way- no matter the circumstances- as utterly repugnant and unacceptable.[9]

On a personal note, we must always think of our children. When they are younger it is easy to see the world through selfish eyes and focus on oneself. But as they grow older the game shifts from simply caring for incompetent young and infant children to attempting to guide and instill necessary wisdom in the minds of young individuals- our offspring whom we once nurtured before they could do for themselves- and protect them from a world they are at once too young to truly understand even as they are yet beginning to enter into it as autonomous individuals seeking their own independence.

I have a preteen daughter, and I worry every single day about what this world is going to look like in a few short years when she begins to go out in the world and begins to interact romantically with the opposite sex. If I had a son I would want to know that the law would be on his side if he chose to invest in a woman, but it is absurd to truly believe that the same rules apply to women (or girls) as to men (or boys) or that I would have the same fears and concerns over a son as I do my own daughter.

Relationships between the sexes matter and they always will. It is, of necessity, the role and function of the men of society to provide for and protect their women and children, which will also produce the by-product of more feminine and less aggressive women, thereby resulting in a more prosperous, wealthy, and stable civilization where the people are free due to the rule of law being upheld.

—————————————————————————————–

 

 

[1] The Avalon Project, Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy, Babylonian Law– The Code of Hammurabi, http://avalon.law.yale.edu/ancient/hammpre.asp (Last Visited, September 10, 2018).

[2] See Generally, TimeMaps, The Roman Republic: Government and Societyhttps://www.timemaps.com/civilizations/roman-republic/ (Last Visited, September 10, 2018); Hans Julius Wolff, Roman Law: An Historical Introduction 12-13 (9th ed. 1951). “Ever larger masses of the former free rural population moved into the city where they formed, together with great numbers of freedmen of foreign origin, a proletariat maintained by grains imported from the provinces, chiefly Africa; part of these grains were distributed free by the state.” Id.

[3] Even Rome itself developed as an insignificant city-state around the Tiber river region of Central Italy. Its original political system before the Republic is not as well known, though Rome was under a monarchy before the beginnings of the Roman Republic around 500 B.C. See generally Wolff, note 2, supra; TimeMaps, The Rise of the Roman Empirehttps://www.timemaps.com/encyclopedia/rise-of-the-roman-empire#republic, (Last Visited September 10, 2018).

[4] See generally Daniel Amneus, The Garbage Generation (1990). Still the best classic resource on the need for patriarchy. This book is also available online at: https://www.fisheaters.com/gb1.html (Last Visited, March 13, 2018). For a review of Amneus’ work, see B.A. Hunter, My Review of The Garbage Generationhttps://whatswrongwithequalrights.wordpress.com/2013/11/05/my-review-of-the-garbage-generation/, (Last Visited September 11, 2018). Victimology is not a theme in Amneus’ classic work. The solution for mothers- whether divorced, widowed or never married- is not the workforce, but marriage. Though paternal authority can at times be somewhat harsh-seeming on the outside of things, patriarchy is- in its truest sense- about love. Amneus doesn’t speak of love, but he does cite the English and Anglo-American common- law system of Coverture as the ideal. For the traditional girl, the heart and spirit softens and the mind is put at ease at his insistence on the male dominance and protection to be found under a truly patriarchal system such as Coverture. For more on Coverture, see generally What’s Wrong With Equal Rights, William Blackstone on Coverture Taghttps://whatswrongwithequalrights.wordpress.com/tag/william-blackstone-on-coverture/, (Last Visited September 11, 2018).

[5] Daniel Moran, The Art of War, Future of Warhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/art_war_gallery_09.shtml, (Last Visited September 11, 2018).

[6] Ibid.

[7] A great historical example to this effect- though there are many- is the fall of the Western Roman Empire to “barbarian” Huns and the Germanic tribes of the Angles, Jutes and Saxons which plunged Western civilization into a period of lawlessness and ignorance. “When the Angles, Jutes, and Saxons first migrated to England, life was brutal. They came in small clans and tribes and every member of the tribe had to contribute to the defense of the tribe. Women had to fight. These tribes slowly coalesced into kingdoms, which gradually formed the kingdom of England.” Christine G. Clark, Women’s Rights in Early England, Brigham Young University Law Review 1 (1995). Available at  http://constitution.org/lrev/eng/womens_rights_early_england.pdf. The author then goes on to lament about the supposed taking away of women’s rights when law and order was restored and society was brought out of the Dark Ages in particular when William the Conqueror, at the time of The Conquest (1066), restored law and order with his Feudalism and code of chivalry. The author then ends the article with bright-eyed hope that women will return to combat now that less brute strength is needed as a result of ever increasing technology in warfare.

[8] See for instance, Lyman Abbot, The Atlantic, Why Women Do Not Wish the Suffrage (1903), Available at https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1903/09/why-women-do-not-wish-the-suffrage/306616/:   “It is this power to compel which distinguishes law from advice. Behind every law stands the sheriff, and behind the sheriff the militia, and behind the militia the whole military power of the Federal government. No legislature ever ought to enact a statute unless it is ready to pledge all the power of government- local, state, and Federal- to its enforcement, if the statute is disregarded. A ballot is not a mere expression of opinion; it is an act of the will; and behind this act of the will must be power to compel obedience…The great elections are called, and not improperly called, campaigns. For they are more than a great debate. A debate is a clash of opinions. But an election is a clash of wills… Will sets itself against will in what is essentially a masculine encounter. And if the defeated will refuses to accept the decision…war is the necessary result.” Id.

[9] Perhaps there is yet still hope with the as of yet very weak cries at restoring a sense of chivalry and duty for the protection of women and children back to society. See for instance, Emily Esfahani Smith, The Atlantic, Let’s Give Chivalry Another Chance (2012). https://www.theatlantic.com/sexes/archive/2012/12/lets-give-chivalry-another-chance/266085/, (Last Visited September 11, 2018).

Advertisements